Ladders of Inference

by Derek Winter


A conversation last week about the relationship between perception and reality reminded me of “Ladders of Inference”, an idea I first came across through Peter Senge’s “Fifth Discipline”. This concept was first put forward by Chris Argyris in 1970 as a way of describing the thinking process that we go through, (usually without realising it), to get from a fact to a decision or action.

Let me illustrate with an example...

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The 5 Levels of Involvement in Change

by Derek Winter


Such a large amount of the work of Leaders in any sphere is to do with effective communication. The history of project failures, new strategies or change initiatives ground to a halt shows that in many cases those who are affected by the change are not consulted before the start of a project. When you change the way people work, you are challenging their principles, their beliefs and the way they are likely to have done things for many, many years. 

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How does Education need to adapt to meet the demands of the Future of Work

by Derek Winter


In the article The Evolution of the EmployeeJacob Morgan (although spruiking his new book) makes the point that work as we know it is dead and that the only way forward is to challenge convention around how we work, how we lead, and how we build our companies. To this end he has an infographic which compares and contrasts the employee of ‘the past’ with the employee of ‘the future’, in essence giving us a picture of what our working environments increasingly look like and will continue to evolve into in the years ahead.

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